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The PreTeXt Guide

Section 3.2 Paragraphs

Once you have divisions, what do you put into them? Most likely, paragraphs. We use long, exact names for tags that are used infrequently, like <subsubsection>. But for frequently used elements, we use abbreviated tags, often identical to names used in HTML. So a paragraph is delimited by simply the <p> tag.
Lots of things can happen in paragraphs, some things can only happen in a paragraph, and some things are banned in paragraphs. Inside a paragraph, you can emphasize some text (<em>), you can quote some text (<q>), you can mark a phrase as being from another language (<foreign>), and much more. You can use almost any character your keyboard can produce, but need to be careful with the three XML exceptional characters: ampersand (&), less than (<), and rarely, greater than (>). (See Section 3.14.) You must put a list inside a paragraph, and all mathematics (Section 3.6) will occur inside a paragraph. You cannot put a <table> or a <figure> in a paragraph, and many other structured components are prohibited in paragraphs.
Paragraphs are also used as part of the structure of other parts of your document. For example, a <remark> could be composed of several <p>. As you get started with PreTeXt, remember that much of your actual writing will occur inside of a <p> and you will have a collection of tags you can use there to express your meaning to your readers.
So early in your writing project, familiarize yourself with the components of a paragraph detailed in Section 4.1.
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