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Problem Solving with Algorithms and Data Structures using Java: The Interactive Edition

Section 7.21 Analysis of Dijkstra’s Algorithm

Finally, let’s look at the running time of Dijkstra’s algorithm. We first note that building the priority queue takes \(O(|V|)\) time since we initially add every vertex in the graph to the priority queue. Once the queue is constructed, the while loop is executed once for every vertex since vertices are all added at the beginning and only removed after that. Within that loop each call to delete takes \(O(\log{|V|})\) time. Taken together, that part of the loop and the calls to delete take \(O(|V| \times \log{|V|})\text{.}\) The for loop is executed once for each edge in the graph, and within the for loop the call to change_priority takes \(O(|E| \times \log{|V|})\) time. So the combined running time is \(O((|V|+|E|) \times \log{|V|}).\)
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