15.1. eXtensible Markup Language - XMLΒΆ

XML looks very similar to HTML, but XML is more structured than HTML. Here is a sample of an XML document:

<person>
  <name>Chuck</name>
  <phone type="intl">
    +1 734 303 4456
  </phone>
  <email hide="yes" />
</person>

Each pair of opening (e.g., <person>) and closing tags (e.g., <\person>) represents a element or node with the same name as the tag (e.g., person). Each element can have some text, some attributes (e.g., hide), and other nested elements. If an XML element is empty (i.e., has no content), then it may be depicted by a self-closing tag (e.g., <email />).

Often it is helpful to think of an XML document as a tree structure where there is a top element (here: person), and other tags (e.g., phone) are drawn as children of their parent elements.

A Tree Representation of XML
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