14.14. Coding Practice

Below is the struct definition for Room, which has a length, width, and height. It also has two member functions, calculateArea and calculateVolume. Turn this struct into a class with private member variables.

Below is the class definition of Room. As you can see, there isn’t a big difference between structs and classes.

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Selecting from: cp_14_AC_2q, cp_14_AC_2q_pp

Below is the class definition for Temp. Write the private member functions cToF and fToC, which converts Celsius to Fahrenheit and vice versa and returns the conversion. Update getFahrenheit and so that if is_celsius is true and a user calls getFahrenheit, it will call cToF and return the correct temperature in degrees Fahrenheit. Do the same for getCelsius.

Below is one way to implement this. We use the correct conversions in cToF and fToC and then call these functions in getFahrenheit and getCelsius if needed.

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Selecting from: cp_14_AC_4q, cp_14_AC_4q_pp

We took a look at vectors in chapter 10, where we saw how we could add data to the end of a vector and remove data from the end of a vector. But what if we wanted to add and remove things at the beginning of a vector? Or we wanted to print out a vector without painfully constructing a loop every time? We can create our own MyVector class! Write the MyVector class, which has a vector of ints as a private member variable. Also write the default constructor.

Below is the class definition of MyVector. We use the public and private keywords to separate public and private members of our class. The default constructor sets size to 0.

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The reason why we have elements as a private member variable is that people using our MyVector class don’t need to know how we implemented our class, so we can implement it however we want. This means for functions MyVector has that overlap with functions that vector has, we can just call the same function on our elements vector. Write the MyVector functions size, push_back, pop_back, and at. size returns the size of our MyVector. push_back takes an int and adds it to the end of our MyVector. pop_back removes the last element. at takes an index and returns the data stored at that index. Use existing vector functions to implement these MyVector functions!

Below is one way to implement these functions. Since these functions are defined for vectors, we can call them on elements.

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Let’s write the MyVector member function push_front and pop_front. push_front should take a value and add it to the front of our MyVector, and pop_front should remove the first element.

Below is one way to implement these functions. For push_front, we can create a temporary vector and add the new element to the front before pushing the rest of the old elements to the back. For pop_front, we can shift all elements up by one index and pop the last element off.

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Selecting from: cp_14_AC_10q, cp_14_AC_10q_pp

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