5.9. Glossary


a data structure consisting of an ordered collection of data elements of identical type in which each element can be identified by an array index.


a grouping of a number of data items (possibly only zero or one) that have some shared significance or need to be operated upon together.

hash table

a collection consisting of key-value pairs with an associated hash function that maps the key to the associated value.

const (immutable)

unable to be modified.

non-const (mutable)

the ability of an object to be modified.


An unordered data structure consisting of unique, immutable data values.


A sequential data structure consisting of zero or more characters.


sequence container storing data of a single type that is stored in a dynamically allocated array which can change in size.


unit of data used by a particular processor design.

5.10. Matching

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