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12.14. Code Practice for Recursion¶
Replace the “ADD CODE HERE” below with the code to complete the findSum method. The method should take the sum of every value that is less than or equal to n. For example, findSum(3) should return 6. The output of the program should be 15.
In order to find the sum of all the numbers that are less than or equal to n, we can use recursion. When findSum(5) is called, since 5 is not equal to 0, the program will go to the else statement. The method will then return 5 + findsum(4). findSum(4) will return 4 + findSum(3), findSum(3) will return 3 + findSum(2), findSum(2) will return findSum(1), findSum(1) will return 1 + findSum(0). findSum(0) will return 0. Therefore, findSum(5) will be 5+4+3+2+1+0, which is euqal to 15.