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9.18. Easy Multiple Choice QuestionsΒΆ

These problems are easier than most of those that you will usually see on the AP CS A exam.

    8-11-1: Which index is the last element in a list called nums at?

  • nums.length
  • You can't use length on lists and the last index is one less than the size.
  • nums.length - 1
  • You can't use length on lists, use size instead.
  • nums.size()
  • Since the first element in a list is at index 0 the last element is at the size minus 1.
  • nums.size() - 1
  • The last element is at the size of the list minus 1.

    8-11-2: Which of the following is a reason to use an array instead of an ArrayList?

  • An array has faster access to its elements than a list does.
  • Since an ArrayList is implemented by an array, it has the same access time.
  • An array knows it length, but a list doesn't know its length.
  • Lists do know their length, but they don't make it public.
  • An ArrayList can allocate more space than it needs.
  • Every time an ArrayList fills up a new array is created that is twice as big. This can lead to extra space that is wasted.

    8-11-3: Which of the following is a reason to use an ArrayList instead of an array?

  • An ArrayList can grow or shrink as needed, while an array is always the same size.
  • This is the main advantage to an ArrayList.
  • You can use a for-each loop on an ArrayList, but not in an array.
  • You can use a for-each loop on either an ArrayList or array.
  • You can store objects in an ArrayList, but not in an array.
  • Arrays can also store objects of the same type.

    8-11-4: Which of the following is the correct way to get the first value in a list called nums?

  • nums[0]
  • This is how you get the first value in an array, but not in a list.
  • nums[1]
  • This is how you get the second value in an array. Remember that this is a list and that the first item in an array is at index 0.
  • nums.first()
  • The List interface doesn't have a first method.
  • nums.get(0)
  • Use the get method to get a value from a list and the first element in a list is at index 0.
  • nums.get(1)
  • This would return the second element in a list. Remember that the first element in a list or array is at index 0.

    8-11-5: Which of the following is the correct way to set the second value in a list called nums to 5?

  • nums[1] = 5;
  • This is how you set the second value in an array, but not in a list.
  • nums[2] = 5;
  • This is how you set the third value in an array, but not in a list.
  • nums.set(5, 1);
  • This would the value at index 5 to 1.
  • nums.set(1, 5);
  • This sets the second value in the list to 5.
  • nums.set(2, 5);
  • This would set the third value in the list to 5. Remember that the first value is at index 0.

    8-11-6: Which of the following is the correct way to remove the value 3 from the list nums = [5, 3, 2, 1]?

  • nums.remove(3);
  • This would remove the value at index 3 which is 1.
  • nums.remove(0);
  • This would remove the value at index 0 which is 5.
  • nums.remove(1);
  • This would remove the value at index 1 which is 3.
  • nums.remove(2);
  • This would remove the value at index 2 which is 2.

    8-11-7: Which of the following is the correct way to add 2 between the 1 and 3 in the following list nums = [1, 3, 4]?

  • nums.add(2, 0);
  • This would add 0 at index 2. Remember that the method is add(index, obj).
  • nums.add(2, 1);
  • This would add 1 at index 2. Remember that the method is add(index, obj)
  • nums.add(0, 2);
  • This would add 2 at index 0 which would result in [2, 1, 3, 4]
  • nums.add(1, 2);
  • This would add 2 at index 1 which would result in [1, 2, 3, 4]
  • nums.add(2, 2);
  • This would add 2 at index 2 which would result in [1, 3, 2, 4]

    8-11-8: Which of the following is false about an interface?

  • It is a type of class.
  • An interface is a special type of abstract class in Java.
  • The methods in an interface will be public and abstract.
  • The methods defined in an interface are public and abstract.
  • It is like a contract in that the class that implements the interface must provide the methods defined in the interface.
  • An interface is like a contract for the implementing classes.
  • You can create an object of an interface type.
  • You can not create an object of an interface type. This is why you create a ``List`` using the ArrayList class which implements the ``List`` interface.

    8-11-9: What will print when the following code executes?

    List<Integer> list1 = new ArrayList<Integer>();
    list1.add(new Integer(1));
    list1.add(new Integer(2));
    list1.add(new Integer(3));
    list1.remove(1);
    System.out.println(list1);
    
  • [2, 3]
  • This would be true if it was remove(0)
  • [1, 2, 3]
  • The remove will remove a value from the list, so this can't be correct.
  • [1, 2]
  • This would be true if it was remove(2)
  • [1, 3]
  • This removes the value at index 1 which is 2.

You can step through the code above by clicking on the following Ex-8-11-9.

    8-11-10: What will print when the following code executes?

    List<String> list1 = new ArrayList<String>();
    list1.add("Anaya");
    list1.add("Layla");
    list1.add("Sharrie");
    list1.set(0, "Destini");
    list1.add(0, "Sarah");
    System.out.println(list1);
    
  • ["Sarah", "Destini", "Layla", "Sharrie"]
  • The list is first ["Anaya", "Layla", "Sharrie"] and then ["Destini, "Layla", "Sharrie"] and finally ["Sarah", "Destini, "Layla", "Sharrie"]
  • ["Sarah", "Destini", "Anaya", "Layla", "Sharrie"]
  • The set replaces the value at index 0.
  • ["Sarah", "Layla", "Sharrie"]
  • This would be true if the second add was a set.
  • ["Destini", "Layla", "Sharrie", "Sarah"]
  • This would be true if the last add didn't have an index of 0.

You can step through the code above by clicking on the following Ex-8-11-10.

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