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9.22. List - Summary¶
In this chapter you learned about List and ArrayList. A list holds objects in order, and you can add objects to a list or remove objects from a list. You learned how to declare lists, create them, add objects, set the object at an index, and get the object at an index. The first element in a list is at index 0.
List are like arrays in that you can store many objects of the same type in a list, just as you can in an array. Lists are different from arrays in that they can grow or shrink as needed. You can also add an element anywhere in a list and remove an element from any index.
Lists also differ from arrays in that you can have an array of any of the primitive types: int, double, or boolean, but you can only put objects in a list. You can use the wrapper classes
Boolean to wrap a primitive value in an object so that you can put it in a list. Java will also do this automatically for you if you try to add a primitive value to a list or set a primitive variable to an item of a list. This is called autoboxing and unboxing.
ArrayList is a Java class that implements the list interface using an array. An interface is a special kind of class that only has public abstract methods. An abstract method is one that only has a header and no body (no code). Other classes implement an interface by providing the code for the interface methods. You can think of an interface as specifying a contract and implementing classes agree to abide by the contract.
9.22.1. Concept Summary¶
Autoboxing - Automatically wrapping a primitive type in a wrapper class object. For instance if you try to add an
intvalue to a list, it will automatically be converted to an
Abstract Method - A method that only has a declaration and no method body (no code inside the method).
Interface - A special type of class that only has public and abstract methods. It is used to specify what a subclass needs to be able to do, not how it does it. One example is the
List - A list can hold many objects of the same type in order. It can grow or shrink as needed. You can add and remove items at any index.
List Add - You can add an object to the end of a list using
listName.add(obj). You can add an object at an index of a list using
add(index,obj). This will first move any objects at that index or higher to the right one position to make room for the new object.
List Declaration - To declare a list use
List<Type> name, where
Typeis the class name for the type of objects in the list. If you leave off the
<Type>it will default to
List Creation - To create list use
new ArrayList<Type>, where
Typeis the class name for the type of objects you want to store in the list. There are other classes that implement the
Listinterface, but you only need to know the
ArrayListclass for the exam.
List Get - To get an object at an index from a list use
List Index - You can access and set values in a list using an index. The first element in a list called
list1is at index 0
list1.get(0). The last element in a list is at the length minus one -
list1[list1.size() - 1].
List Remove - To remove the object at an index use
ListName.remove(index). This will move all object past that index to the left one index.
List Set - To set the value at an index in a list use
List Size - Use
listName.size()to get the number of objects in the list.
Wrapper Class - Classes used to create objects that hold primitive type values like
Unboxing - Automatically converting a wrapper object like an
Integerinto a primitive type such as an