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8.3. Counting with a While Loop¶
It’s easy to have the computer repeat something a specific number of times. We have done this with a
for loop and a list of numbers created with the
range function as shown below.
We can also do it with a
For example, we could have a computer count up from 1 to 10. We will use a
counter variable that we will increment inside the loop. Increment means increase the value by one. Note that we continue the loop as long as the
counter is less than the desired last value plus one.
8.3.1. Side by Side Comparison of a For Loop and a While Loop¶
Let’s look at these loops side by side. The first line in the
for loop creates the variable
counter and the list of values from 1 to 10. It then sets
counter equal to 1 and executes the body of the loop. In the body of the loop it prints the current value of
counter and then changes
counter to the next value in the list.
The first line of the
while loop creates the variable
counter and sets its value to 1. The second line tests if the value of
counter is less than 11 and if so it executes the body of the loop. The body of the loop prints the current value of
counter and then increments the value of
counter. The loop will stop repeating when
counter is equal to 11.
Which is the best loop to use when you want to execute a loop a known number of times? Which way uses less code or seems less error prone? The problem with using a
while loop to repeat code a specific number of times is that you may forget to change the value that you are testing inside the body of the loop and in that case you will have an infinite loop.
The following code is an attempt to show another way to print the values from 1 to 10. However, it currently has an error and is an infinite loop. Fix the code below so that it isn’t an infinite loop.
The following is the correct code for printing a countdown from 10 to 0, but it is mixed up. Drag the blocks from the left and put them in the correct order on the right. Don’t forget to indent blocks in the body of the loop. Just drag the block to the further right to indent. Click the <i>Check Me</i> button to check your solution.</p>
The following is the correct code for printing the even numbers from 0 to 10, <b>but it also includes some extra code that you won’t need</b>. Drag the needed blocks from the left and put them in the correct order on the right. Don’t forget to indent blocks in the body of the loop. Just drag the block to the further right to indent. Click the <i>Check Me</i> button to check your solution.</p>
Use a while loop to count from 5 to 9. Print the current value in the counter at every interation in the loop.
Discuss topics in this section with classmates.