# Mixed-Up Code Questions Original¶

Create a function called decode that takes in a parameter link and returns a string that contains the contents of the link using urllib. Between each word, there should be a space. Also, a space at the end is okay. For example, decode('http://data.pr4e.org/romeo.txt') should return 'But soft what light through yonder window breaks It is the east and Juliet is the sun Arise fair sun and kill the envious moon Who is already sick and pale with grief '.

Write a function called decode that takes in a parameter link and returns a string that contains the contents of the link using urllib. Between each word, there should be a space. Also, a space at the end is okay. For example, decode('http://data.pr4e.org/romeo.txt') should return 'But soft what light through yonder window breaks It is the east and Juliet is the sun Arise fair sun and kill the envious moon Who is already sick and pale with grief '.

Create a function called write_txt that takes in a parameter link, retrieves a file from the link using urllib, and writes the contents of the link to a file called 'clown.txt'. For example, write_txt('http://data.pr4e.org/clown.txt') should create a file called 'clown.txt' that has the string 'the clown ran after the car and the car ran into the tent and the tent fell down on the clown and the car'.

Write a function called write_txt that takes in a parameter link, retrieves a file from the link using urllib, and writes the contents of the link to a file called 'clown.txt'. For example, write_txt('http://data.pr4e.org/clown.txt') should create a file called 'clown.txt' that has the string 'the clown ran after the car and the car ran into the tent and the tent fell down on the clown and the car'.

Create a function called count_words that takes in a parameter link, retrieves a file from the link using urllib, and returns a dictionary with words as keys and the number of times they appear in the link as values. For example, count_words('http://data.pr4e.org/romeo.txt') should return {'But': 1, 'soft': 1, 'what': 1, 'light': 1, 'through': 1, 'yonder': 1, 'window': 1, 'breaks': 1, 'It': 1, 'is': 3, 'the': 3, 'east': 1, 'and': 3, 'Juliet': 1, 'sun': 2, 'Arise': 1, 'fair': 1, 'kill': 1, 'envious': 1, 'moon': 1, 'Who': 1, 'already': 1, 'sick': 1, 'pale': 1, 'with': 1, 'grief': 1}.

Write a function called count_words that takes in a parameter link, retrieves a file from the link using urllib, and returns a dictionary with words as keys and the number of times they appear in the link as values. For example, count_words('http://data.pr4e.org/romeo.txt') should return {'But': 1, 'soft': 1, 'what': 1, 'light': 1, 'through': 1, 'yonder': 1, 'window': 1, 'breaks': 1, 'It': 1, 'is': 3, 'the': 3, 'east': 1, 'and': 3, 'Juliet': 1, 'sun': 2, 'Arise': 1, 'fair': 1, 'kill': 1, 'envious': 1, 'moon': 1, 'Who': 1, 'already': 1, 'sick': 1, 'pale': 1, 'with': 1, 'grief': 1}.

Create a function called write_jpg that takes in a parameter img_link, retrieves a file from the img_link using urllib, and writes the contents of the img_link to a file called 'cover.jpg'. For example, write_jpg('http://data.pr4e.org/cover3.jpg') should create a file called 'cover.jpg' that has an image of the cover for "PYTHON FOR EVERYBODY".

Write a function called write_jpg that takes in a parameter img_link, retrieves a file from the img_link using urllib, and writes the contents of the img_link to a file called 'cover.jpg'. For example, write_jpg('http://data.pr4e.org/cover3.jpg') should create a file called 'cover.jpg' that has an image of the cover for "PYTHON FOR EVERYBODY".

Create a function called num_chars that takes in a parameter link, retrieves a file from the link using urllib, and returns the number of characters in link in the format "(num) characters". For example, num_chars('http://data.pr4e.org/romeo-full.txt') should return "8864 characters".

Write a function called num_chars that takes in a parameter link, retrieves a file from the link using urllib, and returns the number of characters in link in the format "(num) characters". For example, num_chars('http://data.pr4e.org/romeo-full.txt') should return "8864 characters".

Create a function called contents that takes in a parameter link, retrieves a file from the link using sockets, and returns as a string the contents of the link (specifically 10000 characters). For example, contents('http://data.pr4e.org/clown.txt') should return "HTTP/1.1 200 OK\nDate: Thu, 12 Aug 2021 01:24:15 GMT\nServer: Apache/2.4.18 (Ubuntu)\nLast-Modified: Sat, 13 May 2017 11:22:22 GMT\nETag: '6a-54f6609240717'\nAccept-Ranges: bytes\nContent-Length: 106\nCache-Control: max-age=0, no-cache, no-store, must-revalidate\nPragma: no-cache\nExpires: Wed, 11 Jan 1984 05:00:00 GMT\nConnection: close\nContent-Type: text/plain\n\nthe clown ran after the car and the car ran into the tent and the tent fell down on the clown and the car\n".

Write a function called contents that takes in a parameter link, retrieves a file from the link using sockets, and returns as a string the contents of the link (specifically 10000 characters). For example, contents('http://data.pr4e.org/clown.txt') should return "HTTP/1.1 200 OK\nDate: Thu, 12 Aug 2021 01:24:15 GMT\nServer: Apache/2.4.18 (Ubuntu)\nLast-Modified: Sat, 13 May 2017 11:22:22 GMT\nETag: '6a-54f6609240717'\nAccept-Ranges: bytes\nContent-Length: 106\nCache-Control: max-age=0, no-cache, no-store, must-revalidate\nPragma: no-cache\nExpires: Wed, 11 Jan 1984 05:00:00 GMT\nConnection: close\nContent-Type: text/plain\n\nthe clown ran after the car and the car ran into the tent and the tent fell down on the clown and the car\n".

Create a function called reg_num_links that takes in a parameter url and returns the number of ‘href’ attributes that start with ‘http’ using regular expressions. Since websites are frequently updated, the returned number may change as links get added and deleted.

Write a function called reg_num_links that takes in a parameter url and returns the number of ‘href’ attributes that start with ‘http’ using regular expressions. Since websites are frequently updated, the returned number may change as links get added and deleted.

Create a function called bsoup_num_links that takes in a parameter url and returns the number of ‘href’ attributes that start with ‘http’ using BeautifulSoup. Since websites are frequently updated, the returned number may change as links get added and deleted.

Write a function called bsoup_num_links that takes in a parameter url and returns the number of ‘href’ attributes that start with ‘http’ using BeautifulSoup. Since websites are frequently updated, the returned number may change as links get added and deleted.

Create a function called img_links that takes in a parameter url and returns a list that contains all image links using BeautifulSoup. Since websites are frequently updated, the returned list of image links may change as image links get added and deleted.

Write a function called img_links that takes in a parameter url and returns a list that contains all image links using BeautifulSoup. Since websites are frequently updated, the returned list of image links may change as image links get added and deleted.

Create a function called span_attrs that takes in a parameter url and returns a list of dictionaries using BeautifulSoup. Each dictionary is equivalent to each span tag. The keys of the dictionary are the attributes of the span tag, and the values of the dictionary are the values of the attributes. Since websites are frequently updated, the returned list of dictionaries may change as span tags, attributes, and values get added, deleted, or modified.

Write a function called span_attrs that takes in a parameter url and returns a list of dictionaries using BeautifulSoup. Each dictionary is equivalent to each span tag. The keys of the dictionary are the attributes of the span tag, and the values of the dictionary are the values of the attributes. Since websites are frequently updated, the returned list of dictionaries may change as span tags, attributes, and values get added, deleted, or modified.