11.3. Dictionary operations¶
del statement removes a key-value pair from a dictionary. For example, the following dictionary contains the
names of various fruits and the number of each fruit in stock. If someone buys all of the pears, we can remove the
entry from the dictionary.
Dictionaries are mutable, as the delete operation above indicates. As we’ve seen before with lists, this means that the
dictionary can be modified by referencing an association on the left hand side of the assignment statement. In the
previous example, instead of deleting the entry for
pears, we could have set the inventory to
Setting the value associated with
pears to 0 has a different effect than removing the key-value pair entirely
del. Try printout out the two dictionaries in the examples above.
Similarily, a new shipment of 200 bananas arriving could be handled like this. Notice that there are now 512 bananas—
the dictionary has been modified. Note also that the
len function also works on dictionaries. It returns the number
of key-value pairs.
Notice that there are now 512 bananas—the dictionary has been modified. Note also that the
len function also
works on dictionaries. It returns the number of key-value pairs.
Check your understanding
2. Update the value for “Phelps” in the dictionary
swimmers to include his medals from the Rio Olympics by adding 5 to the current value (Phelps will now have 28 total medals). Do not rewrite the dictionary.