12.16. Exercises

  1. Write a function named num_test that takes a number as input. If the number is greater than 10, the function should return “Greater than 10.” If the number is less than 10, the function should return “Less than 10.” If the number is equal to 10, the function should return “Equal to 10.”

  2. Write a function that will return the number of digits in an integer.

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  3. Write a function that reverses its string argument.

  4. Write a function that mirrors its string argument, generating a string containing the original string and the string backwards.

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  5. Write a function that removes all occurrences of a given letter from a string.

  6. Although Python provides us with many list methods, it is good practice and very instructive to think about how they are implemented. Implement a Python function that works like the following:

    1. count
    2. in
    3. reverse
    4. index
    5. insert
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  7. Write a function replace(s, old, new) that replaces all occurences of old with new in a string s:

    test(replace('Mississippi', 'i', 'I'), 'MIssIssIppI')
    
    s = 'I love spom!  Spom is my favorite food.  Spom, spom, spom, yum!'
    test(replace(s, 'om', 'am'),
           'I love spam!  Spam is my favorite food.  Spam, spam, spam, yum!')
    
    test(replace(s, 'o', 'a'),
           'I lave spam!  Spam is my favarite faad.  Spam, spam, spam, yum!')
    

    Hint: use the split and join methods.

  8. Write a Python function that will take a the list of 100 random integers between 0 and 1000 and return the maximum value. (Note: there is a builtin function named max but pretend you cannot use it.)

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  9. Write a function sum_of_squares(xs) that computes the sum of the squares of the numbers in the list xs. For example, sum_of_squares([2, 3, 4]) should return 4+9+16 which is 29:

  10. Write a function to count how many odd numbers are in a list.

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  11. Sum up all the even numbers in a list.

  12. Sum up all the negative numbers in a list.

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  13. Write a function findHypot. The function will be given the length of two sides of a right-angled triangle and it should return the length of the hypotenuse. (Hint: x ** 0.5 will return the square root, or use sqrt from the math module)

  14. Write a function called is_even(n) that takes an integer as an argument and returns True if the argument is an even number and False if it is odd.

  15. Now write the function is_odd(n) that returns True when n is odd and False otherwise.

  16. Write a function is_rightangled which, given the length of three sides of a triangle, will determine whether the triangle is right-angled. Assume that the third argument to the function is always the longest side. It will return True if the triangle is right-angled, or False otherwise.

    Hint: floating point arithmetic is not always exactly accurate, so it is not safe to test floating point numbers for equality. If a good programmer wants to know whether x is equal or close enough to y, they would probably code it up as

    if  abs(x - y) < 0.001:      # if x is approximately equal to y
        ...
    
Next Section - 12.17. Chapter Assessment