HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language. It is used to create web pages. HTML describes the elements of the webpage such as the title, paragraphs, images, and links. For more information on HTML see the tutorial at https://www.w3schools.com/html/.
HTML uses tags to describe the elements of the document. Tags are enclosed in “<” and “>”.
HTML is not a programming language. It is a markup language for describing documents.
Click on the “Render” button to see the resulting web page.
The first tag,
<!DOCTYPE html>, indicates that this is an HTML document.
While it is best to include this tag, the page will typically display
fine even if you don’t include it.
html tag is the root (start) tag for the document.
head tag contains meta information about the document such as the
body tag contains the items that will be displayed.
h1 tag is for a first-level (most important) header. There are additional types of headers:
p tag indicates a paragraph of text.
Try adding a
h3 header to the HTML above after the paragraph. How does the display change for each type of header?
13.10.4. Tag Relationships: Parent, Child, Sibling¶
The HTML tag has
two children tags:
<body>. The head contains meta information
about the page including the page title. The body contains the elements
that are displayed in the page such as the headers and paragraphs.
Put the blocks into order to define a simple HTML page. Indent the blocks to show the structure.
In an HTML page the root element is the “html” tag. A root is the start of a structure. This type of structure
is called a tree. The
html tag has two children
body tags. These tags are called sibling tags since they share the same parent tag.
The parent for the
body tags is
html tag. The
body tag is the parent of the