10.2. Exploring Our Data Set¶
In this section, we will learn how to analyze an enormous data set to find interesting associations between its various items. We will also learn how to evaluate the data set’s different behaviors to make predictions about its future behaviors. For this exercise, we will use shopping data from Instacart.
Instacart is a shopping and delivery service that works with stores in your city such as Whole Foods, Costco, and local stores. They pick up your order and deliver it to your door. Consequently, they have a lot of data on a lot of different shopping behaviors that we can use to make predictions about future purchases or suggest items that a person may want to add to their shopping cart based on their past behavior. Sound familiar? This is the kind of thing that Amazon has been doing successfully for years.
%matplotlib inline import pandas as pd import matplotlib import matplotlib.pyplot as plt import numpy as np import seaborn as sbn import altair as alt import requests matplotlib.style.use('ggplot') sbn.set_style("whitegrid") import json import pickle import scipy alt.data_transformers.enable('json')
10.2.2. The Data¶
The data we will be using in this module is shopping data from Instacart, the Instacart Online Grocery Shopping Dataset 2017, accessed from https://www.instacart.com/datasets/grocery-shopping-2017 on October 15, 2018. This is an enormous data set. (The largest file has over 32 million rows!) We don’t want to start with that file, as that is very big. So, we have a smaller file, still with 1.3 million rows, with which we can start.
aisle_id,aisle 1,prepared soups salads 2,specialty cheeses 3,energy granola bars ...
department_id,department 1,frozen 2,other 3,bakery ...
These files specify which products were purchased in each order.
order_products__prior.csv contains previous order contents for all
reordered indicates that the customer has a previous order that
contains the product. Note that some orders will have no reordered items.
order_products_train.csv is much smaller (even though it has 1.3 million
records), and is a better place to start.
order_id,product_id,add_to_cart_order,reordered 1,49302,1,1 1,11109,2,1 1,10246,3,0 ...
This file tells to which set (prior, train, test) an order belongs. You are
predicting reordered items only for the test set orders.
order_dow is the
day of the week.
order_id,user_id,eval_set,order_number,order_dow,order_hour_of_day,days_since_prior_order 2539329,1,prior,1,2,08, 2398795,1,prior,2,3,07,15.0 473747,1,prior,3,3,12,21.0 ...
product_id,product_name,aisle_id,department_id 1,Chocolate Sandwich Cookies,61,19 2,All-Seasons Salt,104,13 3,Robust Golden Unsweetened Oolong Tea,94,7 ...